More and more IoT projects are using LoRaWAN (Long-Range Wide Area Network) today. Although deploying LoRaWAN networks are quite straightforward, it is becoming increasingly important to choose the right parts in the design stage in order to ensure resource efficiency and to make sure your product works in all your target markets.
From the architecture graph above, we can see that LoRaWAN requires two types of hardware devices to operate: the end nodes and the concentrators, a.k.a gateways. When implementing these devices or components in a product design, one thing to be aware of is their individual operating frequencies. LoRaWAN has different operating frequencies in different regions -- this means, the devices used will also have sets of features for every region, each to serve the purpose of communicating while complying with the local regulations. We categorized LoRaWAN devices into different regions like this:
Gateways in IoT systems serve the very important purpose of enabling communication between the cloud and the devices (i.e. mobile phones and end node devices). In general, gateways act in a similar manner to what routers and bridges do: they connect different networks together. In addition to this, gateways are able to support the different protocols brought by the different networks and are able to support protocols from all the layers of the standard OSI model.
Some of the more popular gateways and nodes used in different countries are listed below:
Pico Next Indoor Gateway
Indoor Femtocell Gateway
MIni Hub Wall Plug Gateway
Outdoor Micro Gateway
KONA Mega Ex Gateway
KONA Enterprise Gateway
KONA Micro Lite IoT Gateway
KONA Micro IoT Gateway
KONA Macro IoT Gateway
KONA Mega IoT Gateway
RAK7248 WisGate Developer D4H
RAK7240 Outdoor LPWAN Gateway
RAK7258 Micro Gateway
RAK7249 Macro Outdoor Gateway
Hiber global LoRaWAN gateway
iC880A - LoRa Concentrator;
Lite Gateway - Demonstration Platform for LoRa
APULSE X3x5 Wireless IoT Meter Data Logger for gas distributors
Loadsensing 4G Gateway
CloudCell 4G Gateway
LoRaWAN Platform (RAN/LNS/NOC)
Includes servers, gateways, and NOC support
Fleet space Technologies Pty Ltd
MultiTech Conduit IoT Starter Kit for LoRa Technology
MultiTech Conduit AP Access Point for LoRa Technology
MultiTech Conduit IP67 Base Station
MultiTech Conduit Programmable Gateway for the Internet of Things
ROBEAU connected water meter
Sensor monitoring system with embedded gateway
Module, by definition, is a self-contained unit or item. In electronics, it's commonly defined as a circuit of systems that could be further integrated with another system for an overall operation. These modules are commonly found in the form of chipsets, development boards, or individual silicon.
The list below shows a list of region-specific LoRaWAN modules working in the United States and Europe:
Another essential part of the LoRaWAN ecosystem is the end nodes. This includes the sensors, buttons, loggers, etc. which act as I/O in the network. The LoRaWAN technology is commonly used for monitoring and tracking purposes, in which most end-nodes come in the form of sensors, or embedded systems to serve this function.
Listed below are the examples of sensors available in different regions, which serve different functions for your system’s purpose.
Posted by Nadya Lukman
Nadya is a Mechatronics Engineer who had worked on several different projects including PCU design, engine design, and AI image processing systems. Besides having a little bit of caffeine addiction, she enjoys reading and traveling to new places.